Trading EUR/USD

The EUR/USD represents the world’s two largest economies and is the most traded currency pair. But while rich volatility and volume attract traders worldwide, generating substantial profits is no straightforward feat. This guide will break down the history of the EUR/USD, plus how to trade it in 2023, including online charts, signals, strategies, news and more. We also list the best brokers for trading EUR/USD.

Why Trade EUR/USD?

As the most popular of the major forex pairs, the EUR/USD is often highlighted on trading platforms and exchanges. But why do so many traders opt to pursue profits from this pair?

  • Liquidity – The EUR/USD promises consistent liquidity, plus low bid-ask spreads.
  • Volatility – The huge numbers of active traders and market speculation ensure relatively high levels of volatility. All of which can lead to greater profit potential.
  • Prevalence – They are the two most popular reserve currencies. Their size leads to an abundance of financial data on the pairing being released. This also makes them relatively straightforward to follow.
  • Availability of resources – In some ways, short and long-term forecasts are now easier to make.

You have access to historical graphs, candlestick and monthly charts, plus customizable indicators.

Conducting Elliott wave analysis is more straightforward, for example.

In addition, you have online active trading communities.

These are often full of weekly forecasts and predictions for today.

EURUSD Chart by TradingView

Drawbacks & Risks

Despite a number of benefits to trading the EUR/USD pair, there also certain drawbacks:

  • Leverage – Trading on margin may increase your potential profit.However, it can amplify losses.So, if you do utilize leverage, making accurate daily and next-week forecasts is essential.
  • Volatility – The high levels of volatility within the EUR/USD can result in winning positions swiftly turning into losing ones.Often, no amount of historical data and 20-year charts can prepare you for the speed at which prices can swing.
  • Automated competition – Unfortunately, even with attractive forward and live quotes, competition is now fierce.

You are investing against an increasing number of trading algorithms.

With your interactive chart, you need to manually analyse and react to a bullish market.

However, bots will automatically enter and exit positions once certain criteria have been met.

Influences on EUR/USD Movement

Political Events

A crucial factor is the political landscape.

As seen in the Brexit referendum, instability can influence the direction of currencies.

Yet it isn’t just major elections that play a part.

Changes such as Switzerland’s decoupling from the euro peg hit exchange rates.

Global events like the Covid-19 and the Russia-Ukraine conflict also influenced the EUR/USD because of the extensive impact on the economy.

The challenge comes in keeping an eye on the numerous countries within the eurozone.

So, keep track of the latest political and economic news.

If you combine recent events with EUR/USD historical data on a simple Excel or interactive chart, it will allow you to make more accurate forecasts for 2023 and beyond.

Economic Growth

Your EUR/USD live analysis makes far more sense if you have a thorough understanding of what influences price trends.

The biggest factor is the strength and outlook of the two economies.

If the European economy grows faster than the US economy, the euro will strengthen against the dollar, and vice versa.

A telling gauge of economic strength is interest rates.

For example, the dollar normally strengthens when US interest rates are higher than those of big players in European economies.

Monetary Policy

There is also a correlation between monetary policy implemented by the respective central bank and the EUR/USD relationship.

This was seen during the Covid-19 pandemic, a crucial event in the EUR vs USD history.

There was an unusual separation between the US Federal Reserve (Fed) policy and European countries during this period.Investors preferred the region with fewer Coronavirus cases, which reflected a sign of swift economic recovery.Unsurprisingly, this all led to strange fluctuations between the EUR/USD.

Today, many that are investing focus on projections and expectations of central bank policy to help them form strategies around the EUR/USD.

Currency Correlations

While you focus your trading efforts on the EUR/USD, there are specific correlations with other currencies to be aware of.You will notice that some feature in numerous forex pairings.This is because all currencies are interlinked—none of them trade entirely independently of each other.

Their relationships are known as positive and negative correlations:

  • Positive correlation – This is when currency pairs react in line with each other.The three most popular pairs, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, and EUR/USD, are all positively correlated due to the USD being the counter currency.So, any change in the US dollar will impact all the pairs.
  • Negative correlation – Occurs when they react in the opposite direction.Popular pairs include USD/CHF, USD/JPY, and USD/CAD.

Here, the US dollar is the base currency. This means they move in the opposite direction of the previously mentioned majors, where the US dollar plays the counter.

  • Application

A EUR/USD trader can use this knowledge to better understand the implications of movement in certain pairs. Let’s take the British Pound vs the US dollar, for example. When trading this pair, to an extent, you are also trading the Euro vs the British pound.

Of course, it isn’t quite that straightforward. Economic factors and market speculation can result in shifts in currency correlations. A negative correlation may turn positive and vice versa. Still, it remains a useful indicator that can inform trading decisions.

EUR/USD Trading Strategy

An effective EUR/USD strategy is more than understanding how you can use pip values and calculators to your advantage, or even getting a feel for premarket sentiment. It is about using your investing chart in realtime to consider tick data and weigh up your options.


Once you have a solid grasp of how EUR/USD market forces interact, you will need to turn your attention to a strategy. 5-minute, 30-minute, weekly, and all-time charts may prove useful, but knowing when to trade is just as important.

Part of the attraction of forex day trading is that you can buy and sell 24-hours a day. But while this is true, it doesn’t mean you should. Instead, you want to trade when the EUR/USD pair is active, with plenty of volume and volatility.

For example, when London and Europe are open for business, pairs that feature the British Pound and euro are more actively traded.

If you are day trading with EUR/USD, volume charts show the most active period is when both London and New York are open. These markets are open between 08:00 and 22:00 GMT.

The danger is, if you invest at the wrong times, the cost of spreads and commissions can cancel out your profits. So, many suggest only trading within a three to four-hour window.

Ideal Window

So, when is the best time to day trade EUR/USD binary options, futures and other instruments?

The ideal time is arguably from 13:00 to 16:00 GMT. This three-hour window is when London and New York are both open. Volume from both markets means spreads are normally tightest during this window.

This is also when forex forums come alive and you will see the biggest daily moves. All of the above factors can result in the greatest profit potential. So, while it may be tempting to respond to every buy-sell signals you see today, resistance may prove sensible.

Try not to let graph and market noise pressure you into trading on 12-hour intraday forecasts. Focus on what you know and ensure volume validates any potential moves.

Buying & Selling the Breakout/Breakdown

EUR/USD live charts and technical analysis will be needed to succeed with this strategy. You will find the pair swing back and forward within boundaries for considerable periods. This creates clear trading ranges, which should lead to new trends, higher or lower.

Bide your time during the consolidation phases.

The reward could be low-risk trade entries when you spot that resistance and support levels ultimately break, leading to a rally or sell-off.

This technique relies on timing. Enter your position too early, and you may find the range holds and a reversal is triggered. Go in too late, and your risk increases as the position may execute above new support or below new resistance.

Narrow Range Patterns

You will frequently see the pair climb or drop into a substantial barrier and then fall dormant, creating narrow price range bars, leading to minimal volatility. This also results in powerful entry signals for breakouts and breakdowns.

So, enter your position within the narrow range pattern, placing a tight stop to prevent losses from a major reversal.

The benefits of this method are that the straightforward pattern often predicts price bars will increase in significant breakouts and breakdowns. In addition, it’s low risk as you can place stop-losses close to the entry price.

When it comes to day trading EUR/USD, different strategies work for different people. Some prefer using pivot points, swap points, and forward curves, others will focus on trading around forex news announcements. Whether you opt for chart investing or not though, be patient, perfecting a strategy takes time.

Role of the US Dollar

The EUR/USD related index you look at today will have been shaped to some extent by the unique role the US Dollar has played over the years.

These are just a few of the reasons it has grown to become the world’s most important currency:

  • The quote live price of gold and other commodities is often set in US dollars.
  • The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) also conducts transactions in US dollars.
  • Considered the world’s reserve currency, it is used to settle the majority of international transactions.
  • Many small countries will peg their currency’s value to that of the US Dollar, whilst global banks will hold a large portion of currency reserves in US Dollar.
  • It is the most featured currency in popular pairs, so as an aspiring forex trader, you need a solid understanding of what drives the US economy to predict where the US Dollar will go.

Role of the Euro

The European Union is the second biggest economic region, only overtaken by the USA.Its most recent nominal GDP is reported at around $15.2 trillion.But what some don’t realize when they look at their EUR/USD live chart, is that the Euro’s growth is predominantly driven by services and manufacturing.As such, when economic activity slows in the EU, the Euro usually weakens.

The Euro is unique because 19 of the 27 European countries within the EU use it.Around 341 million people buy and sell with it every single day.As its popularity has grown, so have the implications of economic and political events in the EU.So, whilst many traders focus on the catalysts behind the US Dollar, to be a successful FX trader, the Euro warrants your attention also.


Wind back the clock twenty years, before the mini futures and binary options of today, and the forex markets were a different place.

It was the German Deutschmark vs US dollar, plus the French Franc vs US dollar, that dominated the scene.

However, January 1st 1999 set the wheels in motion for foreign exchange history. But the road to the Euro had been paved decades before that.

There existed two earlier versions of the Euro, both were internal accounting units for European Community (EC) members. They were:

  1. European unit of account
  2. European currency unit (ECU)

Neither were ‘real’ pairs. They were groups of specific EC currencies, engineered to help stabilize European exchange rates. Together, they helped form the EUR/USD we all know today.

The ECU section of currencies had a somewhat alternative makeup to those that were to form the Euro. But the ECU still played a key part in the historical exchange rate of the Euro. The value of one Euro was set as the value of one ECU when it was first created on January 1st, 1999. So, the initial EUR/USD exchange rate was 1.1686.

Despite this, the Euro wasn’t to become a physical currency until 2002. However, the 1999 launch brought all the eurozone currencies together, including:

  • Italian Lira
  • French Franc
  • Spanish Peseta
  • German Deutschmark

It was at this point that they stopped having separate, floating historical foreign exchange rates. They were bundled together until they were engulfed in the currency of today.

EUR/USD history data and opinion of the time showed many had expectations the Euro would steal the Dollar’s unofficial title as the global reserve currency.

However, this is a mountain it has yet to climb.

Key Dates

Taking into account the biggest previous events that triggered substantial volatility and monitoring the EUR/USD today, you may be able to better forecast price movements.Here are some of the most important periods for the pair in recent history:

  • Dot-com bubble – 1997-2001 saw speculation that rocked the EUR/USD relationship.It took years for the dust to settle and stability to arrive.
  • Real estate bubble – The bubble was thought to be a key driver of the 2007-2009 recession that was hugely damaging to the US economy.
  • European debt crisis – The impact of the European Debt crisis is still remembered today, it had a significant impact on the relationship between the two currencies.
  • Trump’s election – On the 20th of January 2017, Trump was inaugurated as the US president, this boosted the value of the dollar.
  • Covid 19 pandemic – During 2020 and 2021, numerous quantitative easing, interest cuts, and stimulus policies made by central banks influenced the pair.Countries that controlled the virus better were seen as stable economies by investors and lower infection levels resulted in boosts in valuation on either the EUR or the USD side.
  • Russia-Ukraine war – Because of the Russian military invasion of Ukraine in 2022, the EUR/USD pair fell to its lowest level since May 2020, strengthening the US dollar further.

EUR/USD exchange rate history and data demonstrate the effect of central bank action on prices.

So, perhaps those that analyze the Federal Reserve System will be more able to accurately predict fluctuations in the world’s most popular currency pairing.

On top of the factors highlighted in the timeline above, conflicts, elections and output levels have all influenced the EUR/USD in the past.

Final Word on Trading EUR/USD

When day trading the EUR/USD you should take into consideration fundamental and technical analysis. Economic data releases, central bank statements, and the latest news are just a few considerations your strategy could take into account.

If you want to join the likes of Andrew Krieger and Bill Lipschutz in the forex hall of fame, you will also need to trade at the right time. You may be able to trade 24 hours a day, but the quality of trades often trumps quantity.

For more day trading guidance, see our forex page.


Where Can I Find EUR/USD Signals Today?

Websites like TradingView provide an excellent look at today’s price, alongside market signals. See our guide to forex trading signals for our top picks.

What Does EUR/USD OTC Trading Mean?

Unlike trades that are executed on a formal exchange, (OTC) positions are agreed and settled between a broker-dealer network.

When Did The EUR/USD Originate?

After the adoption of EUR by 19 European countries, on January 1st 1999, the forex pair came into being.